Distribution in NSW: Patchy distribution: Richmond, Clarence, Upper Macleay (Apsley River), Hawkesbury-Nepean rivers; western creeks of Shoalhaven River; Snowy River
Microhabitat: Still water or slow current areas in pools, farm dams, impoundments, lower reaches of rivers. Inhabits temporary creeks; broad environmental tolerance
Appearance: Oval, occasionally globose, light shell, yellow to dark brown. Beak sculpture absent. Maximum shell length 100mm
The Freshwater Mussel – Velesunio ambiguus is a native of the Murray Darling System. There are a huge number of different species of freshwater mussels in the rivers and lakes of NSW. To help identify what mussels you have in your local stream the
NSW Office of Environment & Heritage offers a guide, see http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/animals/musselid.htm
Mussels are most likely to be found in the middle or lower sections of permanently flowing streams. However, floodplain mussels (Velesunio ambiguus) are an exception; they can be found in temporary creeks and ponds, including farm dams, and avoid strongly flowing rivers..
Mussels are excellent for dams, ponds or fish tanks. These Mussels grow well in farm dams and breed readily, a
minimum of 100 mussels are required to establish
a population in a normal farm dam or
Freshwater Mussels are biological filters, they filter large volumes of water to extract their food, removing nutrients, algae, bacteria and organic detritus from the water. Mussel waste products are food for other animals and they, in turn, are food for water rats and platypus.
People with earthen farm dams growing fish or yabbies grow mussels with them for much the same reason, they are
biological filters filtering the algae and bacteria from
the dam water cleaning it. They are especially
important if you are swimming in the dam.
The males release sperm into the water column, the females then suck the sperm in with the normal water they take in.
The eggs are then fertilized and incubated inside the
Baby mussels ejected by the female and require a host stage to develop into miniature adults. Fish are the best hosts and any
of the native fish such as Silver Perch, Golden Perch and Bass
will do as well as the ornamentals like Goldfish and Koi.
Mussels have a large strong, tough tongue that they push themselves around the dam with or burrow into the pond
bottom. The mussel burrows into the sediments with only
the top tip of the mussel shell protruding from the mud.
From this position the inlet and outlet tubes filter the
To capture mussels you need to run your hands along the bottom of the dam and when you feel this round top of the shell you can pull them from the mud.
Freshwater mussels are traditional aboriginal tribal food. However, we consider them pretty rough tucker, you need
to be hungry to eat them. Occasionally you will get pearls
in these mussels and they are well suited to a
freshwater pearl industry.
(Min order 50)
400+ $1.50 each
Prices include gst
BYO own box or we can supply @ $11
Farm gate price quoted.
Delivery available within
100km of our farm.